Year : 2018 | Volume
: 111 | Issue : 3 | Page : 96--101
The ablation depth effect on dry eye after LASIK treatment for myopia
Mostafa Abo Elfadl, Hosny A Zein, Ahmed Mostafa Eid, Abd Elaleem A Tolba
Department of Ophthalmology, Minia University, Minia, Egypt
Purpose The aim was to investigate the effect of ablation depth on the incidence and severity of the dry eye after laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK) treatment of myopia.
Patients and methods This was a prospective, noncomparative, interventional case series study that included myopic patients who underwent LASIK treatment for myopia ranging from −1.75 to −12.00 D. All patients had a comprehensive preoperative ophthalmologic evaluation. Tear breakup time (TBUT) and Schirmer 1 tests were undertaken for all patients preoperatively and at 1, 3, and 6 months postoperatively. The main outcome measures included the incidence and severity of the dry eye and their correlation with ablation depth at 1, 3, and 6 months postoperatively.
Results 104 eyes of 53 myopic patients (14 males and 39 females) with a mean age of 27.4±6.06 years (range: 21–45 years). At the baseline, the mean spherical equivalent was −6.38±2.82 D (range: −1.5 to −12 D), mean TBUT was 12.93±1.60 s (range: 10–17 s), and the mean Schirmer 1 score was 17.9±62.52 mm (range: 14–30 mm). Mean post-LASIK TBUT was 7.58±4.32, 10.22±5.38, and 12.07±4.02 s at 1, 3, and 6 months, respectively (P<0.001). The mean post-LASIK Schirmer 1 score was 8.50±5.01, 11.4±5.54, and 14.24±3.77 mm at 1, 3, and 6 months, respectively (P<0.001). There was a strong negative correlation between ablation depth and both TBUT and Schirmer 1 values at 1 and 3 follow-up months, but a moderate negative correlation at 6 months.
Conclusions There was moderate to strong negative correlation between ablation depth and the degree of post myopic LASIK dryness assessed objectively by TBUT and Schirmer 1 tests.
Dr. Ahmed Mostafa Eid
Department of Ophthalmology, Minia University Hospital, Minia 61111
|How to cite this article:|
Elfadl MA, Zein HA, Eid AM, Tolba AA. The ablation depth effect on dry eye after LASIK treatment for myopia.J Egypt Ophthalmol Soc 2018;111:96-101
|How to cite this URL:|
Elfadl MA, Zein HA, Eid AM, Tolba AA. The ablation depth effect on dry eye after LASIK treatment for myopia. J Egypt Ophthalmol Soc [serial online] 2018 [cited 2019 Jul 16 ];111:96-101
Available from: http://www.jeos.eg.net/article.asp?issn=2090-0686;year=2018;volume=111;issue=3;spage=96;epage=101;aulast=Elfadl;type=0