• Users Online: 172
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home Current issue Ahead of print Search About us Editorial board Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 110  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 71-76

Incidence and risk factors of retinopathy of prematurity in neonatal intensive care units: Mansoura, Egypt


1 Department of Ophthalmology, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt
2 Department of Opthalmology, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Rania M.R. Bassiouny
El Gomhoria Street, Mansoura Ophthalmic Center, Mansoura, 35516
Egypt
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ejos.ejos_25_17

Rights and Permissions

Background Retinopathy of prematurity ROP is a leading cause of blindness affecting ∼50 000 children worldwide. The incidence of the disease varies among different countries, it is influenced by the level of perinatal care, the existence of screening programs for early diagnosis. Low birth weight BW, small gestational age GA, other antenatal, postnatal risk factors have been identified with their relation to the severity of the disease. Aim The aim of this research was to study the incidence and risk factors of ROP in preterm babies at neonatal intensive care units, Mansoura city. Patients and methods This study included 402 preterm infants admitted to neonatal intensive care units in Mansoura city in the period from March 2013 to March 2015. Fundus examination was done using indirect ophthalmoscopy and a 28 D lens, and fundus images were captured using wide-field digital fundus camera (Retcam 3). Results Out of the 402 screened preterm babies, 237 (59%) cases had ROP, among whom 101 (42.6%) had stage 1, 114 (48.1%) had stage 2, 12 (5.1%) had stage 3, 10 (4.2%) had aggressive posterior retinopathy, and 24 (10.1%) presented with plus disease. GA, BW, oxygen therapy, sepsis, multiple birth, and cesarean section were factors found to be significantly associated with the disease. Conclusion ROP occurred in 59% of all screened preterm babies. The main risk factors for the development of ROP were GA, BW, oxygen therapy, sepsis, multiple birth, and cesarean section.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed162    
    Printed4    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded38    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal